The Forbidden Truth About Vitamins: what you dont know will hurt you
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Certain formulations of it can be prescribed to treat erectile dysfunction. Jamshidi said he knew many people who took a daily multivitamin and tried herbal formulations now and again when they were feeling tired or unwell and always withheld judgment. But he remembers the moment he became wary of supplements: when the pregnant woman his team was monitoring began coughing up phlegm. When Jamshidi and his team realized their patient's tuberculosis was back, they asked if she'd started any new medications.
She said no, but the next day she arrived at the clinic with a small bottle of St. She said she had been taking the herbal remedy for the feelings of depression she experienced after her last pregnancy. Although some small studies initially suggested St. John's wort could have benefits for people with depressive symptoms, the NIH researchers failed to find enough evidence to support that.
Jamshidi's patient had to be isolated to ensure the infection didn't spread.
She spent the last three months of her pregnancy alone. In his opinion, one of the reasons many people end up in emergency rooms after taking supplements is that the quantities of active ingredients in them can vary dramatically. A study published in the journal BMC Medicine found that doses of ingredients in supplements could even vary from pill to pill — which poses a significant hurdle for doctors trying to treat a negative reaction. By isolating the first "vitamine" in , the Polish chemist Casimir Funk unwittingly unleashed a frenzy among chemists to create or synthesize vitamins in the lab.
Between and , 10 Nobel Prizes were awarded for work in vitamin research. By the mids, scientists had synthesized 12 of the 13 essential vitamins. These were added to foods like bread, cereal, and milk, which were sold as "fortified. A poster from the US Department of Agriculture advertised the ability to "grow vitamins" at home. Library of Congress When supplements were introduced in the s and s, they were presented as a way to address nutrient deficiencies that caused illnesses like rickets and scurvy.
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They were also seen as a way to avoid expensive and difficult-to-access medical treatment. In recent years, however, a new generation of supplements has emerged targeting primarily middle-class and affluent women. These formulas ooze with the lifestyle trends of minimalism "Everything you need and nothing you don't! But a look at the ingredients in "Why Am I So Effing Tired," which Junger helped design, suggests the formula is not based on rigorous science.
The vitamin packets include According to the Mayo Clinic, vitamin B6 is "likely safe" in the recommended daily intake amount: 1. But taking too much of the supplement has been linked with abnormal heart rhythms, decreased muscle tone, and worsened asthma. High doses of B6 can also cause drops in blood pressure, the Mayo Clinic notes, and can interact with drugs like Advil, Motrin, and those prescribed for anxiety and Alzheimer's.
Gwyneth Paltrow, the owner of Goop. Other shiny new pills and powders that have materialized in recent months include one called Ritual, which arrives at your doorstep in a white-and-yellow box emblazoned with the words "The future of vitamins is clear. But the pills don't differ much more than your standard, cheaper multivitamin — they have similar amounts of magnesium, vitamin K, folate, vitamin B12, iron, boron, vitamin E, and vitamin D.
Its website says: "Our mission is peak nutrition. No matter how colorful their packaging or messaging, all these supplements fall prey to the same problem: We simply do not need them to be healthy. One of Ritual's supplements. Ritual "We use vitamins as insurance policies against whatever else we might or might not be eating, as if by atoning for our other nutritional sins, vitamins can save us from ourselves," Catherine Price, a science reporter, writes in the book " Vitamania.
A large recent review published in the Annals of Internal Medicine looked at 27 trials of vitamins involving more than , people. The researchers concluded that people who took vitamins did not live longer or have fewer cases of heart disease or cancer than people who did not take them. Another long-term study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in May divided nearly 6, men into groups and gave them either a placebo or one of four supplements touted for their brain-protecting abilities. The results showed no decreased prevalence of dementia among any of the supplement-taking groups.
Study after study has also found that many popular supplements can cause harm. A large, long-term study of male smokers found that those who regularly took vitamin A were more likely to get lung cancer than those who didn't. And a review of trials of several types of antioxidant supplements put it this way: "Treatment with beta carotene, vitamin A, and vitamin E may increase mortality. Risks aside, research has suggested that our bodies are better equipped to process the vitamins and minerals in whole foods than those in pills.
When we bite into a juicy peach or a crunchy Brussels sprout, we're ingesting dozens of nutrients, including phytochemicals like isothiocyanates, as well as carotenoids.
Austin said that's why "nutritionists recommend people get their nutrition from whole foods, not things that have been packaged and put into a box. Virtually any registered dietitian, physician, or public health expert is likely to reiterate the advice health professionals have been giving for decades: Eat real food, like fruits and veggies, in moderation, and stay away from processed foods and sugary beverages. Or, in the words of the journalist and food writer Michael Pollan : "Eat food.
Not too much. Mostly plants.
After spending the last few months of her pregnancy and the first few weeks of her new baby's life in isolation, Jamshidi's patient was able to go home and be with her family. Jamshidi said the experience changed the way he thought about supplements for good. Ask Steven Tave , the director of the office of dietary supplement programs at the FDA, why the agency isn't stopping more similar situations, and he'll give a simple answer: "We're doing the best we can. Tave said that before DSHEA passed, the FDA was starting to regulate supplements more stringently, the way it does pharmaceutical drugs, but getting "pushback from the industry.
Before a new drug can be sold, the company making it has to apply for FDA approval, and the agency has to conclude that the drug is safe and does what it claims to do.
New supplements don't face any burden of proof. The agency can review products that add new dietary ingredients when it gets a notification, Tave said, but it doesn't "have the authority to stop anything from going to market.
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But that market has since ballooned — today, close to 6, companies pump out about 75, products. Removing a supplement from store shelves comes down to documented emergency-room visits and calls to poison-control centers.
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Only when a supplement is reported to be unsafe as a result of one of these "adverse events," as the FDA calls them, is the agency compelled to act. It's a very different regime from when we know everything is out there and we know what's in it," Tave said, adding: "We don't want to be reactive.
We want to be proactive.iropafaneph.tk
Hence the name "forbidden. The palace was commissioned by Zhu Di also known as the Yongle Emperor in , shortly after he gave his royal nephew the royal get-the-eff-out-of-here. Zhu Di wanted to rule from his own power base in Beijing, which was probably smart given that there were people in the old capital who were annoyed at him for overthrowing his nephew.
Over the next years, 24 different emperors belonging to two dynasties would occupy the Forbidden City, right up until the ousting of 5-year-old emperor Puyi in Today the Forbidden City is a museum, housing more than 1. And don't worry, no 5-year-olds were harmed in the making of this museum — Puyi went on to become emperor of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo , which was kind of lame compared to being emperor of the entire nation of China, but at least significantly better than death.
According to Asia Times , the color was a reference to the North Star, which the Chinese associated with the color purple. The North Star had religious significance — the Son of Heaven lived there, and the emperor was the Son of Heaven's counterpart on Earth, so, logic. The Forbidden City as a whole has a few other much less seductive names, too. It's official name is "The Palace Museum.
Workers labored for 14 years, which is really not a whole lot of time when you consider how many different buildings and rooms the Forbidden City actually has.
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What's remarkable is not just how many people were involved it's said there were more than a million laborers but what kind of effort it took just to get the building materials from point A to point B. According to Scientific American , some of the stone blocks weighed more than tons, and they had to be brought in from a quarry that was 43 miles from the building site.
In those days, heavy materials were usually moved by cart, but surprise, there was no such thing as a wheeled cart that could move a ton stone block. Instead, workers had to drag the stones by hand, and they did it in deep winter — not because of some crazily unrealistic royal building schedule but because it was actually more practical. Every few miles, workers dug a well and then used the water to create an icy surface on the road.